Foundations of Cyber Security


Ingrid Pappel

Dr Ingrid Pappel (PhD), lecturer, has over 15 years of experience and has been active in different development projects related to e-governance solutions. Besides working as a project manager in several state projects it has been her privilege to lecture in many universities and colleges in Estonia since 2007. One of her biggest achievements in recent years and a crucial component for e-governance education has been the establishment of international Master’s programme e-Governance Technologies and Services ( within Tallinn University of Technology in cooperation with field experts and public sector facilities.This programme should enable to aggregate best-practice academic knowledge as well as the needs of the public sector and the experience of the private sector in the field of e-governance solutions. She is also an active entrepreneur - the partner, head of the records management department and the chief designer at Interinx ltd ( since 1996.


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