Instructor

DP History

Miss Pickett and Mr Wallace

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Overview

This topic addresses East–West relations from 1945. It aims to promote an international perspective and understanding of the origins, course and effects of the Cold War—a conflict that dominated global affairs from the end of the Second World War to the early 1990s. It includes superpower rivalry and events in all

areas affected by Cold War politics such developing countries.

as spheres of interest, wars (proxy), alliances and interference in

Ideological differences Mutual suspicion and fear From wartime allies to post-war enemies

Ideological opposition Superpowers and spheres of influence Alliances and diplomacy in the Cold War

Major themes

Origins of the Cold War

Nature of the Cold War

 

Route 2: 20th century world history—topics

Origins and growth of movements challenging Soviet or centralized control

•             Role and importance of leaders, organizations and institutions

•             Methods of achieving independence from Soviet or centralized control

Colonial legacy, neo-colonialism and Cold War •         Conflict with neighbours •       Lack of political experience •         Economic issues •  Social, religious and cultural issues •     Ethnic, racial and separatist movementsRoute 2: 20th century world history—topics

Development and impact of the         •

Global spread of the Cold War from its European origins

Cold War

•             Cold War policies of containment, brinkmanship, peaceful coexistence, détente

•             Role of the United Nations and the Non-Aligned Movement •          Role and significance of leaders •              Arms race, proliferation and limitation •                Social, cultural and economic impact

Break-up of Soviet Union: internal problems and external pressures

End of the Cold War     • •          Breakdown of Soviet control over Central and Eastern Europe

Material for detailed study

•             Wartime conferences: Yalta and Potsdam

•             US policies and developments in Europe: Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, NATO

•             Soviet policies, Sovietization of Eastern and Central Europe, COMECON, Warsaw Pact

•             Sino–Soviet relations

•             US–Chinese relations

•             Germany (especially Berlin (1945- 61)), Congo (1960- 64), Afghanistan (1979- 88), Korea, Cuba, Vietnam, Middle East

•                 Castro, Gorbachev, Kennedy, Mao, Reagan, Stalin, Truman

Course content


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